Up close and personal with MV KRAIT

I have been a student of history for many years now, and I know the profound feeling of standing in a landscape, an ancient temple, or in front of an object that you have only ever read about. Seeking that visceral connection to a place, time or person confined to a moment in history is where museums and their objects can be so important – to bring reality to the text on the page or the unmoving photograph.

Yesterday morning I experienced something of that feeling when I had the honour of accompanying the Australian National Maritime Museum’s fleet services crew during a maintenance voyage of the historic vessel MV Krait.

MV Krait passing Garden Island during a maintenance voyage, March 2013. ANMM Photo

MV Krait passing Garden Island during a maintenance voyage, March 2013. ANMM Photo

Krait’s association with Australia’s wartime history is legendary. The little Japanese fishing vessel was used by Master Mariner Bill Reynolds to evacuate around 1000 civilians from Singapore in 1942, after which it was taken over by the military to take part in a daring and highly successful wartime raid. The operation, codenamed ‘Jaywick’, was comprised of 14 men of the Z Special Unit who were led by an Englishman, Ivan Lyon. The men of Operation Jaywick sailed Krait close to Singapore before stealing into the harbour in darkness and destroying close to 40,000 tons of Japanese shipping.

After the war Krait was sold and used for commercial timber haulage in Borneo before a number of public appeals saw the vessel returned to Australia in the mid-1960s in an attempt to preserve and commemorate its historic wartime record. The difficulties surrounding Krait’s return, restoration and search for a home is documented in Lynette Ramsay Silver’s book Krait: The fishing boat that went to war.

By 1991 Krait had found a home, caretakers and an owner. In that year the Australian National Maritime Museum opened its doors to the public and among the collection items on display was Krait, belonging to the Australian War Memorial but on loan and in the care of the maritime museum and its expert staff. To this day it remains in specialist care and on display to the public at the museum’s wharves.

I previously wrote a blog on Krait’s wartime adventures and the legacy of Operation Jaywick, however my own interest goes beyond the obvious compelling appeal of this clandestine episode of Australian military history.

My paternal grandfather served in the secretive Z Special Unit during the Second World War. He died long before I was born so I look to records and stories and try to imagine his experience from the text on the page and the photograph in his army record. In regards to his activities with Z Special I know very little, and may have to resign myself to the fact that I will never know more.

From his service records I can track the dates he joined, the time he spent in Bonegilla and Cairns and the number of days he spent overseas during his service. There was a training camp for Z Specials at Cairns called ‘Z Experimental Station’ and Bonegilla is probably where he picked up his Malay language skills. I know he had a scar on his forehead that he said was the result of being hit with a sword by a Japanese soldier. After a few drinks at a reunion he would let slip small details to my father about submarine drop-offs, folboat (collapsible canoes) training (that he enjoyed immensely) and murmur of searching for POW camps in the islands of the Dutch East Indies. In 2011 my father, my aunt and I travelled to Maryborough in Queensland to attend a Z Special reunion where we held a photo of my grandfather to the gaze of remaining Z Special members in the unfulfilled hope they knew his face or his wartime story.

I know that he had trouble adjusting to life as a takeaway shop owner after the war, that he had nightmares and that my martial-arts trained dad, as a man in his early 20s, could never ever defeat him in playful combat, even when my grandfather was approaching middle-age.

I don’t know where he is buried. (The Central Coast cemetery was subject to a flood, taking with it his grave marker). So my father and I in particular, as we researched and thought and talked about grandfather’s Z Special service, focused our remembrance on the most obvious physical object available – the Krait.

Even though my grandfather did not take part in this particular raid, of all the work done by the Z Special forces during the war, Operation Jaywick is the most successful, well-known and well-documented operation of this unit. Accordingly Krait has become the unit’s most enduring and recognisable symbol. In 1964 the vessel became a dedicated memorial to the members of Z Special and continues to fulfill this role as an integral and active part of remembrance activities at the National Maritime Museum. Here at the museum Krait is at the heart of Z Special commemorative events as well as ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day ceremonies.

Monitoring MV Krait’s 6 cylinder Gardner diesel engine during a maintenance run. ANMM photo by Penny Hyde

Monitoring MV Krait’s 6 cylinder Gardner diesel engine during a maintenance run. ANMM photo by Penny Hyde

So it was with a bit of emotion that I climbed onboard Krait yesterday morning. I descended the ladder into the engine room and watched the Gardner diesel engine come to life, begin to steam and move the oil through its machinery – the very same engine that had initially caused lengthy delays in preparation for Operation Jaywick but had safely travelled the men to Singapore and back. I looked through the same windows that Ivan Lyon and his men had upon setting out on their dangerous and uncertain voyage to Singapore. I chatted to the fleet services crew who know the vessel inside out and who explained to me the simple operational mechanisms of the vessel. Giant cogs behind the wheel move gracefully to pull and shift the chains attached to the rudder. The wheelhouse is remarkably free of instruments bar a compass with a tiny gas lamp inside to provide illumination to the navigator in darkness. Fleet Manager Phil McKendrick took me to the front of the vessel where there is a plaque marking Krait’s role as a dedicated war memorial and I sat in front of it and appreciated the feel of the vessel – everything from its movement to its materials. As my father said when we talked of seeing Krait and of the service of the Z Special forces:

I can imagine him preparing to go and fight the enemy in a situation where you weren’t expected to come back alive.

Hmm. It’s all a little bit emotional.

But I suspect this is why people trek half way around to the world to see the Mona Lisa or sit in front of Michelangelo’s David, even though we all know what they look like, or why tens of thousands of Australians travel to Gallipoli each year to hear the notes of the Last Post played over that particular shoreline. It’s a physical connection to a time, a place, or a person that can only be felt through the senses.

You see the thing about history, the important thing & the wonderful thing, is that it is still very much connected to the living.

Edward Hyde NX169481, Z Special Unit. Image from military service record.

Edward Hyde NX169481, Z Special Unit. Image from military service record.

The museum’s fleet services crew regularly take operational vessels on maintenance voyages as part of their upkeep.

Penny Hyde
Curatorial assistant

For further reading see the following sources:
The Official History of Australia in the war of 1939-1945, Vol II, Royal Australian Navy, chapter 11 – The Mission of Krait.

National Archives of Australia, The Official History of the Operations and Administration of Special Operations Australia… Operations. Series no. A3269; Control symbol O7/C.

Smith, Neil C., They Came Unseen: The men and women of Z Special Unit (2010) This publication contains a nominal roll of Z Special members.

23 thoughts on “Up close and personal with MV KRAIT

    • Hi Mike,

      Thanks for your comment, I’m glad you enjoyed the post 🙂



  1. Good afternoon, Penny. In 1992, I went with my mother, Elizabeth Ennis, to see the Krait and were lucky enough to be taken on board for a short sail in the Harbour (maintenance run). For Mum too, it was very emotional as she had been a POW in Changi at the time of the Krait’s raid into Singapore Harbour. Apparently, the Japanese were convinced that the plans had been carrried out with some assistance from within the POW camps and the kempetai arrived. Treatment of POWs deteriorated even more, but never the less the news of Krait,s escapade was a huge morale booster both in the women’s camp and in the men’s camp where my father was also a POW. My father died aged 96, and my moth a few years earler aged 93 – both of them still full of admiration for those daring sailors on the Krait
    Thank you to all still caring for this significant vessel.
    Tish Ennis

    • Hi Tish,

      Thank you so much for your comment and for sharing your story, I am so glad your mother had the opportunity to sail on KRAIT. We are very proud to be the caretakers for this vessel. It is a wonderful thing to be able to draw a direct connection to an object or a place, and I am amazed by how this kind of experience can evoke different stories, memories and feelings in people. Did your parents talk much of their experiences during the war?

      Kind regards,


  2. Hi Penny, i really enjoyed your family experiences and the image of seeing the Krait crusing the harbour. i walk down to visit the krait when ever i am in Sydney but have never seen her in operation. in the late 1960’s i was with 1 Commando Coy and we raised money then to assist in her restoration. Our CDO association attends a service every Rememberance day at the Krait and continue to support those remaining MZ members and their families. It is an honor to remember their sacrifice, and to feel how proud you are of your Grandfather.
    Regards Peter…

    • Hi Peter,

      I am glad you enjoyed the post and the image, it really is something to see these historic vessels do what they do best & head out onto the water. It must have been an interesting time during the fundraising for KRAIT’s restoration, I am so glad that so many people worked hard to ensure the vessel’s survival for the next generation – like me – to enjoy! Thank you for your comment, and perhaps I will see you on the wharf at Remembrance Day,

      Kind regards,


  3. Penny,

    I note that you don’t mention Ronald’s McKie’s book “The Heroes”, one of the best works on the subject of Operation Jaywick & the later unsuccessful Operation Rimau when the force were inserted by submarine. Lieutenant Ted Carse RANVR was the Master of KRAIT & some nine of the fourteen on the Jaywick operation were Navy so it was primarily a Naval operation, something of which us ex-matelots are extremely proud. The memorial to Z Special Unit was initially sited at the House on the Hill training base for the operation in Cairns. The property subsequently became a nightclub in the early seventies & eventually burnt down. It is now the site of a large complex of units. In the eighties the memorial was moved to the new Naval base HMAS CAIRNS & then re-located to the Cairns Esplanade opposite the RSL some five years ago when the Naval base underwent a major redevelopment. It remains there today.

    Mick Storrs
    Commander RAN (Ret’d)

    • Hi Mick,

      Thank you for pointing out McKie’s book, it is a classic & I have just now checked it out of the library to re-read. It is interesting that you mention Lt Carse as I recently began working on some objects relating to him that are in our collection & I am looking forward to delving more into this area of our military history.

      When I was in Maryborough for the reunion in 2011 I visited the memorial to Operation Jaywick & Rimau at Urangen, but it looked a little different to the images on the QLD War Memorials website:

      http://www.qldwarmemorials.com.au/pages/MemoDet.aspx?Memorial=Urangen Krait and Z Force Memorial

      I didn’t know about the memorial on the Cairns Esplanade, I will certainly endeavour to visit it if I find myself in Cairns.

      Thank you again for your comment,

      Kind regards – Penny

      • Penny,

        I’ll take a photo of the Z Special Unit memorial when next on the Esplanade & will email to you.

        Best wishes,


        • Hi Mick – that would be great, I’d really appreciate it. Thank you!


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  6. I remember standing at a plaque somewhere overlooking the ocean maybe Qld or NSW reading about the Krait would someone know where it might be

  7. Loved the Australian Story on the KRAIT Penny & your input. Nice to put a face to the person with whom I’ve had numerous email exchanges. Why doesn’t the fellow who has a painting of the KRAIT donate it to the ANMM or better still, the AWM? I’m donating my Grandfather’s account of his time at Gallipoli to the AWM this month. He was a Chelmsford, Essex doctor who served at Gallipoli with the 5th Battalion Essex Regiment as Captain Kenneth Storrs in the Army Medical Corps (RAMC).

    Best wishes,

    Mick Storrs

  8. I believe my father served on the M.V. Krait. Walter Henry Gaul if anyone has any information I would be grateful.

  9. Great little read. My father was part of Z New Zealand unit. Myself and four siblings attended the memorial service in Canberra last year and it was amazing. Hope you made it there too. Unless things have changed, recently read restoration of Krait has run out of funds. Hope thats not the case. Cheers!

  10. I recently watched the Australian Story on the MV Krait. I was really pleased that the ANMM have plans to house the vessel inside a dedicated space in the museum. I was also pleased that a program had been put in place to prolong her life. However as I watched I became concerned that the Krait was not being conserved but restored. Surely the ANMM should realise that the vessel needs to be conserved as she is, not restored, especially if she is to be displayed inside. I worked for the ANMM about 18 years ago and had spent some time on the Krait. I had hoped that the museum would have its own wooden boat conservators and that sending the vessel out to a commercial yard for a rebuild would not be the best practice. I understand that the parts removed from the Krait would be kept and sent to the AWM. These parts would be far better left on the vessel and stabilised rather than removing them! The history of vessels is the whole thing not new bits placed in the same space. Before long you have a case of ‘grandads original hammer’, its only had 5 new heads and 6 new handles! But its Original?
    Thank you for your time.
    Graham Boileau-Evans

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